Research & Development
The R&D team strives to innovate humanities research with digital research methods. We share our knowledge of methodology with interested and motivated scholars, students, and developers through open source prototypes, workshops and intensive training. Our work is regularly published in articles in national and international journals and presented at (inter)national conferences.
As a team within the Digital Infrastructure department, the R&D team supports infrastructure in multiple ways. Once prototypes have proven the validity of our approach, they can be incorporated into existing infrastructure or developed further into stable and scalable production software. In addition to fostering new software, we also contribute to researchers’ innovative use of digital infrastructure products in their ongoing work, thus providing our product teams with useful feedback.
In order to create new collaborations and expand existing lines of research, the R&D team offers consulting services on a variety of topics. We are open to ideas from researchers as well as developers from other teams and will provide advice on new project proposals.
- Elli Bleeker (Publications)
- Bram Buitendijk (Publications)
- Ronald Haentjens Dekker (Team Lead) (Publications)
- Rik Hoekstra (Publications)
- Marijn Koolen (Publications)
- Astrid Kulsdom (Publications)
The R&D agenda currently consists of three research themes inspired by previous innovative work by R&D team members:
i) Data scopes and tool criticism
Researchers increasingly use a variety of digital data and tools in humanities research. The R&D Team proposes to develop a coherent methodology using the concept of data scopes. Data scopes provide a means for discussing how data processing can be incorporated into new methods that can be used in relevant research fields in the humanities. Tool criticism provides a methodology to evaluate tools for the applicability for a certain research task.
ii) Scholarly web annotation
Annotations allow researchers to enrich data sets. Using web based stand-off annotations researchers can enrich data sets without changing the original content. This means the creator or owner does not have to give permission or be responsible for the annotations created by others, which contributes to wider resource sharing. Scholarly web annotation as a theme focuses on both conceptual models of annotation and the practical implementation of annotation methodology.
iii) Text as a Graph
Text as a graph (TAG) is a new data model for text that strives to address well-known limitations of SGML and XML. TAG enables scholars to model their notion of text in an effective and idiomatic manner, which allows for advanced textual analysis and synthesizes knowledge from different domains of research. Researchers no longer have to resort to workarounds when transcribing and modelling text and, making use of the Alexandria implementation, they can collaborate effectively on edition projects.
- Data Scopes Workshop, 2-30 September 2019, Spinhuis Amsterdam, by Marijn Koolen
- Wednesday 18 September, 9.00-10.30 hour. Between freedom and formalisation: a hypergraph model for representing the nature of text by Elli Bleeker and Ronald Haentjens Dekker. TEI conferentie 2019 in Graz, Austria.
- Friday 20 September 2019, 09:00-12:30. Workshop on Recommendation in Complex Scenarios
ComplexRec 2019. 13th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems, in Copenhagen, Denmark. An interactive venue for discussing approaches to recommendation in complex scenarios that have no simple one-size-fits-all solution. By Marijn Koolen together with Toine Bogers, Bamshad Mobasher and Alexander Tuzhilin.
- Digitising Heritage, International Workshop, 29.09. – 01.10.2019, Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg at the International Academic Forum (IWH)
- Migrating Memories. Dialogues on the relationship between memory, heritage and migration. 29th annual AEMI Meeting, 2-5 october 2019. Red Star Line Museum, Antwerp, Belgium
- Thursday 21 November 2019, 10.00 – 17.00 hour. Workshop Practical tool criticism in digital humanities infrastructure and research by Marijn Koolen. Symposium on Tool Criticism in Leiden, The Netherlands.
- 28 and 29 November. ESTS conference 2019 in Malaga, Spain. With a paper of Elli Bleeker and Ronald Haentjens Dekker.
- Data Scopes 2019 is a workshop with which we contribute to methodological reflection on and consolidation of the collection of methods that are already used by many in the humanities (often in the form of tools) in addition to the existing methods.
- TAG is an alternative (graph-based) data model for text, which allows to explore a more flexible way of digital editing than is available with the single hierarchy afforded by XML.
- Alexandria, accommodates the encoding of multiple, coexisting views on text and thus supports various approaches to scholarly editing.
- Hyper Collate is a prototype collation engine that is able to handle in-text variation if it’s marked with the TEI/XML elements.